Having strong, long-term relations with our suppliers that are based on mutual trust and transparency is a priority for us. This is something we are committed to and have always worked hard to achieve. As a result we have disclosed our supplier list since 2013. 

Our supplier list shares the details of our tier 1 suppliers and their manufacturing and processing factories accounting for 99% of the products we sell across our brands. As active participants of the Transparency Pledge we disclose details including the name, location, product type produced and number of workers employed by each supplier.

The list also includes the names and locations of tier 2 mills involved in making the majority of our product volume (73%). These 392 mills provide our suppliers with fabrics and yarns, including spinning, tanneries and fabric dyeing and printing. We are working towards disclosing 100% of the fabric dyeing and printing locations involved in making our products.1

The supplier information displayed on this list is updated monthly. When business needs occur, we onboard new suppliers or factories and occasionally we responsibly phase them out. When this happens we follow the ACT Responsible Exit Policy, which details how to exit a supplier relationship with minimal impact. Read more on our responsible purchasing practices page

A typical fashion supply chain

From raw materials to finished item, our products pass through many different suppliers on their journey to our stores. These suppliers are arranged into several tiers to make our supply chain. Each tier does business with its immediately adjacent tiers.

Not all supply chains are the same and they can vary according to product type or materials used. Some of our supply chains are vertical – short with few tiers. Others can be horizontal and comprise several tiers.

  • Tier 1 are the companies we do business with directly and work with product manufacture or processing.
  • Companies working with component production and processing tend to fall into tiers 2 to 4.
  • Raw material production can cover tiers 4 to 6.

Our supply chain in numbers

  • We do business with over 605 commercial product suppliers who manufacture products for our brands in over 1183 tier 1 factories in Europe, Asia and Africa.1 
  • China and Bangladesh are the largest production markets for clothing.
  • The European Union is the largest production market for our beauty assortment.
  • Seven years is the average length of our relationship with a supplier since 2006, but we have been doing business with some for over 21 years.2
  • Around 1.3 million people are employed by the supplier factories we work with, 62% of them are female.3
  • Around 0.1% of workers in our tier 1 and 2 factories are migrants.
  • We operate 15 local production offices, employing over 2,000 colleagues who work daily with our suppliers. 
  • 42% of tier one factories have trade union representation.4, 5
  • 1213 factories reported that worker representatives are freely chosen by the workers.4

Below you can download files about the share of women employed (July 2023) and trade union and worker representative data (July 2023) per supplier. These results are based on verified data from our internal tool used to capture sustainability audits.

How we work with our suppliers

As a global fashion company we have a responsibility to manage our supply chain impacts. We work with suppliers to move beyond compliance and towards continuously improving environmental and social performance. We have the most influence where our relationships are strongest. That’s why we focus on building long-term partnerships with suppliers who share our vision for a more sustainable industry. 


Manufacturing factories

These are factories that are either owned or contracted by our suppliers to make our products. Normally, these are so called “cut and sew” factories where the final manufacturing takes place. One supplier can own or contract one or more factories. All of them are covered by our Sustainable Impact Partnership Programme developed to assess the sustainability performance of our suppliers and support their continuous improvement. Each of these factories report using industry standards such as Higg Facility Environmental Module and Social and Labor Convergence Program.4  

Processing factories

Not all factories possess the required facilities for making certain products – for example creating prints, washings or embroideries etc. In these cases, the suppliers can outsource specific tasks to so called processing factories. This is considered subcontracting and must be announced to H&M. We require that all processing factories are approved by our team. After approval, we approach the processing factory in the same way as any other factory making products for and include them in our SIPP. A processing factory is often contracted by more than one supplier. In some cases, one factory can be both a manufacturing factory and a processing factory. For example, when a manufacturing factory has certain production processes like in-house washing and offers this service to other manufacturing factories.

Fabric & yarn mills (tier 2 suppliers)

Fabric and yarn mills make fabrics and yarn and sell to our suppliers. We map/identify all fabric and yarn mills involved in our products in order to integrate them in our supplier assessment program, the Sustainability Impact Partnership Program (SIPP).

Open Supply Hub

You can also find our suppliers on the Open Supply Hub, an open-source tool that exists to improve human rights and environmental conditions in and around factories and facilities. 

1 Figure correct as of December 2022. See our Sustainability Disclosure, page 14.
2 Consecutive data only available from 2006.
3 Figure correct as of December 2022. See our Sustainability Disclosure, page 79.
4 Verified SLCP data from 2022.
5 Figure correct as of December 2022. See our Sustainability Disclosure, page 68.
6 For more information on the different standards we use, see our Sustainability Disclosure, pages 81-84.

We publish our Sustainability Disclosure annually. In this document, we set out our goals and the progress we’ve made in the previous year. Find the latest version here. More up to date information can be included on this page.